Serenity of the Japanese Rock Garden

A deep connection to landscape is part of the culture in Japan. Plants and trees are maintained so that even with the changing of seasons, they are sculpted to remain harmonious with the landscape.


The underlying structure of a Japanese garden is determined by the architecture; that is, the framework of enduring elements such as buildings, verandas and terraces, paths, tsukiyama (artificial hills), and stone compositions. Over time, it is only as good as the careful maintenance that it receives by those skilled in the art of training and pruning.

Portland Japanese Garden

Shinto, Japan’s oldest religion, considers certain natural forms such rocks, trees, and other plants to be sacred, representing ancestral spirits. Shinto is still widely practiced, coexisting peacefully with Buddhism; a profound engagement with nature is central to both religions. Mountains are sacred spaces, and building on them was long prohibited, except for shrines or temples.

 Adachi – The Best Gardens in Japan




 Portland Japanese Garden