The ancient history buries a golden account of prehistoric civilizations that mark the evolution of the human race. While the archaeologists have bought us very close to the life that subsisted million of years ago, there are some hidden edifices unexplored but cited in the primeval literature by the eminent writers. The modern world calls them myths because they were never found and only the written stories of their existence lie as the evidence. But beneath the deep ocean beds lie the most advanced cities of their times revealing the superior knowledge of art, science and architecture of the inhabitants. So let us take a sneak peek into some of these lost civilizations and the hidden cities of the primordial times which have always been the favorite amongst the archaeologists.
Lost city of Atlantis
The Greek philosopher Plato in his writings mentioned about a legendry island that was the most technically advanced city of its times. The location of the island has often been debated. While some point to the Mediterranean Sea there are those who say the island lies west of the Strait of Gibraltar near the Azores Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Caribbean locations have also been proposed as sites of Atlantis but to dismay; all hopes have been dashed against the evidence.
Plato revealed the high technology and fine architectural skills of the Atlantians. The capital city was said to be built on a hill that was surrounded by rings of water, joined by tunnels large enough for a ship to sail through. These outer rings were connected to the ocean through a canal. The city had remarkable buildings covered with precious metals and the people were wealthy and prosperous.
According to Plato the city was a naval power lying “in front of the pillars of Hercules”. The army had conquered large parts of the Western Europe and Africa but their failed attempt to defeat the city of Athens sank the magnificent empire into the ocean “in a single day and night of misfortune”. The disputes over the story to be true still persist amongst the scholars but the lost city of Athens still remains as an embodiment of supposed advanced prehistoric lost civilizations.
El Dorado – Lost City of Gold
For centuries, archaeologists, explorers, and fortune seekers have made quests to search this lost city of gold with majority of them only loosing lives and time. The history points to the story of El Hombre Dorado – the golden man or gilded man. He was a South American Muisca tribal chief or king who was immensely wealthy and was covered in gold dust. As a part of a religious ceremony on being crowned the king, he threw gold and precious jewels into the Lake Guatavita to mollify a god that lived underwater. The practice ended around 1480 when they were subdued by another tribe.
This very story inspired several expeditions to the world of immeasurable riches. In a similar attempt, the Spaniards tried to drain out Lake Guatavita and found hundreds of pieces of gold along the lake’s edge. But the treasure still remained in the deep water beyond their reach and the hunt is still on.
The Saxon Chronicle talks about a fertile land that once connected the Scilly Islands with Western Cornwall. The island called Lyonesse, was inhabited by the Silures, who were known for their industriousness and devoutness. There were more than 140 churches in the region when on 11th November 1099, a very high a tide destroyed the island submerging it under the sea.
The Isles of Scilly are all that remain of the island which are the old hilltops of Lyonesse. The remains of a sunken forest can be seen at low tide in Mount’s Bay. Domes, towers, spires, and fortifications and such remains of stone buildings have often been reported to be seen while some even say they’ve heard the church bells ring when the sea has been stormy. The lost land is an amalgam of facts and myths and that makes it a fascinating mystery of the history.
The Lost Lands of Mu and Lemuria
Lemuria was an ancient civilization that existed during the time of Atlantis. The lost land is believed to be located somewhere in either the southern Pacific or Indian Oceans. Also referred to as Mu, or the Motherland (of Mu), it was the home of an advanced and highly spiritual culture.
The name Lemuria was coined by 19th century English zoologist P.L. Sclater after his investigations of the Maya ruins. According to him a volcanic activity had destroyed the island and the survivors of the cataclysm had later formed the Mayan civilization. Easter Island, Tahiti, Hawaii and Samoa are said to be amongst a few scattered islands that survived the waves. James Churchward later popularized the existence of Mu stating that he had found an Indian high priest with stone tablets that had inscriptions written in Naacal, the native tongue of Mu.
Also In 1985 off the southern coast of Yonaguni Island , a Japanese dive tour operator discovered a rectangular stone ziggurat, part of a complex of underwater stone structures in the area that resembled ramps, steps and terraces. These remains were by large regarded as the remnants of the oldest civilization.
The archeological remains of the one of the most ancient cities of America narrate a tale of an amazing urban development by an unknown human race. It was the largest metroplex in the America that covered around 14-16 square miles and supported a population between 100,000 to 250,000. Destroyed around A.D. 750,the site was excavated by the Aztecs who named the city as Teotihaucan — “the place where the gods are created.” The pyramid of the Sun which spreads over 12 square miles, dominates the site.